Earlier this month I offered some resources that teachers could use to help fight fake news (see below for the original post). I realized recently that it may (unfortunately) be necessary to define exactly what “fake news” means since it can readily be seen and heard in at least two very different contexts.
The first way to interpret “fake news” is the way I intended it to be interpreted in my post. Let’s call this “real fake news” (I know that is a bit awkward). This would be something published (in print, on-line, on TV, etc.) that is created purposefully to mislead. An example of this kind of “fake news” you may have heard about in the real real news (confused yet?) about Macedonian teens who made lots of money by fabricating fake news designed to get clicks (clicks can equal $$ on the internet).
Adding to the confusion is the President who had done his best to redefine the term fake news by using it to describe legitimate media outlets who happen to report something unflattering to his administration such as this tweet from April 25:
“Don’t let the fake media tell you that I have changed my position on the WALL. It will get built and help stop drugs, human trafficking etc.”
Politics aside, this re-branding of this term very likely has created even more confusion for young people trying to figure out their world (and trying to figure out who to trust).
Here is the original post with resources for addressing fake news:
One of the key pieces of life-long learning that teachers can instill is the ability to question and evaluate information. For help teaching students about how to fight fake news, check out these free online resources:
- Algorithms Can Help Stomp Out Fake News (Atlantic 12/7/16)
- Checkology (online program of the News Literacy Project with sample free unit including video clips + interactive questions)
- How To Self-Check The News And Get The Facts (NPR All Tech Considered 12/5/16)
- Fake News and What We Can Do About It (Anti-Defamation League)
- Evaluating Evidence: The Cornerstone of Civic Online Reasoning(Stanford University History Education Group study)
- How to Spot Fake News (FactCheck.org 11/18/16)
- Fake News vs. Real News: Determining the Reliability of Sources(NYT Learning Network)
- Truth, truthiness, triangulation: A news literacy toolkit for a “post-truth” world (Joyce Valenza Neverending Search 11/29/16)
- Lesson Plan Fighting Fake News (KQED Learning)
- The Remedy for the Spread of Fake News? History Teachers(Smitsonian.com)
- The Smell Test: Educators can counter fake news with information literacy. Here’s how (School Library Journal 1/1/17)
- Fake news is why you exist. And 12 tools that can help (History Tech)